Government of Indonesia intends to construct a nuclear power plant after 2025. The goal of building a nuclear power plant is to meet escalating energy demand while reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the country. The nuclear power plant proposal is in accordance with Government Regulation No. 79/2014 on National Energy Policy.

Multiple feasibility studies on nuclear power projects have been conducted since the 1990s. Indonesia has only had two nuclear power plants–one in Bandung and the other in Serpong–both of which were built for research purposes rather than for electricity production. As of May 2020, fossil fuels accounted for 85 per cent of the Indonesia’s electricity mix, with coal-fired power plants and gas-fired power plants accounting for a majority of the power output.