The Government of Cambodia is launching a feasibility study to upgrade its two-line rail network to increase its maximum speed from its current speed of 30 km/hr. The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) will oversee the study. The upgraded lines will be used for both passenger and freight services, although speed of the upgraded line has not been mentioned as of yet.

Currently, there are two 1000mm-gauge lines operational in the country, with the first running from Poipet to Phnom Penh, while the second operated between Phnom Penh to the port of Sihanoukville. The agency is also seeking a development partner to develop the high-speed rail on the existing railways.

The Government of Cambodia has also announced plans to improve connections with neighbouring countries in the Southeast Asia (SEA) region.